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Broad Peak


Broad Peak also known as K3, is the 12th highest mountain on Earth, with an elevation of 8,051 meters (26,414 ft). The literal translation of "Broad Peak" to Faichan Kangri (ཨིྰན་ཨངརི་) is not accepted among the Balti people. 

Geography
Broad Peak is part of the Gasherbrum massif on the border of Pakistan and China. It is located in the Karakoram mountain range about 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) from K2. It has a summit over 1.5 kilometres (0.93 mi) long, thus "Broad Peak". 

Climbing history 
The first ascent of Broad Peak was made on June 9, 1957 by Fritz Wintersteller, Marcus Schmuck, Kurt Diemberger, and Hermann Buhl of anAustrian expedition led by Marcus Schmuck. A first attempt by the team was made on May 29 where Fritz Wintersteller and Kurt Diemberger reached the forepeak (8,030 m). This was also accomplished without the aid of supplemental oxygen or high altitude porters and without base camp support. 

On the same expedition, Marcus Schmuck and Fritz Wintersteller made a flash first ascent of Skil Brum peak (7,360 m) on June 19, 1957 in pure Alpine style in 53 hours. 

Hermann Buhl fell to his death when he and Diemberger attempted to climb nearby Chogolisa peak (7,654 m) on June 27, 1957.

The summit of Broad Peak has been descended on skis.

In July 2007 an Austrian mountaineering team climbed Broad Peak with the aim of retrieving the corpse of Markus Kronthaler, who had died on the mountain one year before, from over 8,000 metres. 

In the winter and summer of 2009 there were no summits. There was one winter expedition by a Polish-Canadian team. In the summer there was one fatality, Cristina Castagna.

In summer 2012, 5 members of "Koroška 8000" - Slovenian team (led by Gregor Lačen) summited the mountain (without supplementary oxygen and without high altitude porters). They tracked the way in deep snow from camp 4 to the summit and opened the summit to 7 more individuals from other expeditions. They all summited on July 31st 2012. The mountain was also summited by a Lithuanian climber in a solo ascent.

On March 5, 2013 Maciej Berbeka, Adam Bielecki, Tomasz Kowalski and Artur Małek made the first winter ascent. Broad Peak was 12th Eight-thousander summited in winter time and 10th Eight-thousander firstly summited in winter by Polish climbers.  During the descent, Maciej Berbeka and Tomasz Kowalski did not reach Camp 4 (at 7400 m) and were pronounced missing. On March 7, the head of the expedition Krzysztof Wielicki said there are "no chances at all" of finding alive 58-year-old Maciej Berbeka and 27-year-old Tomasz Kowalski.  On March 8 both climbers were declared dead and the expedition was ended. 

Time line 
1954 First attempt by Dr. Karl Herligkoffer of Germany on the SW side that failed due to a storm and extreme cold. 
1957 First ascent  
1994 On July 9, Carlos Carsolio got the summit establishing a new solo route, now known as Route Carsolio. The summit of Broad Peak would be the ninth of his career-high of eight-thousanders. 
2013 On March 5, first winter ascent by Polish expedition . 





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