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History of Multan

Taken photo during a trip to Multan, Pakistan ...
Taken photo during a trip to Multan, Pakistan in 2005. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Multan is a city in south central Punjab province. It is built just east of the Chenab River. About 966 km from Karachi and more or less right in the center of the country lie the ancient city of Multan. Multan, the 'City of Pirs and Shrines' is a prosperous city of bazaars, mosques, shrines and superbly designed tombs.

A circular road around the rampart gave access to the city through thirteen gates. Some of the imposing structures of these gates are still preserved. In the bazaars of the Old City one still comes across tiny shops where craftsmen can be seen busy turning out master-pieces in copper, brass, silver as well as textiles in the traditional fashion.


The old city has narrow colorful bazaars full of local handicrafts and narrow winding lanes. There are many places of historical, cultural and recreational interest in the city.

Multan is a commercial and industrial center, it is connected by road a rail with Lahore and Karachi and by air with Karachi, Quetta, and Faisalabad. Industries include fertilizer, soap, and glass factories; foundries; cotton, woolen and silk textile mills; flour, sugar and oil mills; and a large thermal-power station. It is famous for its handicrafts (ceramics and camel-skin work) and cottage industries. There are hospitals, public gardens, and several colleges affiliated with the University of the Punjab. The University of Multan was established in 1975. Large, irregular suburbs have grown outside the old walled town, and two satellite towns have been set up. The numerous shrines within the old city offer impressive examples of workmanship and architecture.


The Shams-e Tabriz shrine is built almost entirely of sky-blue engraved glazed bricks. That of Shah Rukn-e Alam (Tughlaq period) has one of the biggest domes in Asia. The shrine of Sheikh Yusuf Gardez is masterpiece of the Multani style. Other shrines include the Pahladpuri Temple and the Idgah Mosque (1735).


Location Multan lies between north latitude 29'-22' and 30'-45 and east longitude 71'-4' and 72'-4'55. It is located in a bend created by five confluent rivers. The Sutlej separates it from Bahawaipur District and the Chenab from Muzaffargarh district. About 215 metres (740 feet) above sea level.
Area 45 square km
Population 3.800 M
Major Crops Wheat, Cotton, Rice and Sugar Cane
Major Fruit Mangoes, Oranges, Citrus & Dates
Men Wears "Shalwar Kamiz" & "Lungi"
Women Wears "Shalwar Kamiz" + "Chadar"
Language "Saraki" is the local language, Urdu, Punjabi & English languages are also acceptable.
Climate Cold in winter and very hot in summer. The normal rainfall is about 6" during the monsoon from July to September.
Wild Life Fox, Jackal and wild boar. Amongst birds are grey and black partridges, sand grouse visiting the district in winter, quail, plover and pigeons are common
Tourist Information For local assistance, information and planning your holidays, please contact PTDC Tourist Information Centre at Sindbad Hotel, Nishtar Chowk, Bahawalpur Road, Multan.
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