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Gujrat


Gujrat is a city in Pakistan. It is the capital of Gujrat District and the Gujrat Tehsil subdivision in the Punjab Province.  The major sources of livelihood among the Gujrat populace are agriculture and small industries. Gujrat is also known as the city of King Porus.

Location

Gujrat (not to be confused with the Indian State Gujarat) is situated on the bank of Chenab River, the headquarter of Gujrat district, and it is one of the famous city of Pakistan.
History

Gujrat was founded by Raja Bachhan Pal Gurjar in 460 BC, according to General Cunningham, the British historian. Historical consensus is that it existed in the time of Alexander the Great, and that the city's Raja Porus put up a fierce challenge to Alexander's invasion at the bank of the Jehlum River. The establishment of Gujrat City was realised early in the 19th century after the British Empire and in support of regional landlords (e.g., Daswandi Khan of Daswandi Pura).

Gujrat became a part of the Muslim Sultanate of Delhi when the Afghan noble Sultan Shahab-ud-Din Muhammad Ghauri conquered Punjab in 1185. Gujrat slowly developed as medieval town and many Muslim Sufi missionaries converted the local Gurjar population to Islam. During the Mughal period, Mughal royalty frequently travelled through the district en route to Kashmir. When King Jahangir died while he was returning from Kashmir, the news of his death was suppressed to avoid any chaos in the empire. His abdominal organs were taken out and buried in Gujrat. To this day, an annual festival is held commemorating this event, commonly known as the "Festival of Jahangir".
Shah Daula is a Sufi saint of the city and he met Sikh's aixth Guru Gobind Singh (1595–1644) when he was passing though Gujrat. After the decline of the Mughal Empire, the Sikh invaded and occupied Gujrat. The Sikh army under Sardar Gujjar Singh Bhangi in 1765 defeated the Gakhar ruler of Gujrat and annexed it to the Sikh Territories. From 1765–1846 Gujrat was controlled by the Sikhs.

Two main battles between British and Sikh armies were fought in this district: the Battle of Chillianwala and the Battle of Gujrat. Only after winning the battle of Gujrat on 22 February 1849 did the British declare victory in Punjab. The predominantly Muslim population supported Muslim League and Pakistan Movement. After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the minority Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India while the Muslim refugees from India settled in the Gujrat district. Muslims refugees from East Punjab, Haryana, Jammu started arriving and crossed the border in to Pakistan; many were given land in Gujrat District to settle.

There are many historical buildings and ruins in and around Gujrat. The Grand Trunk Road, commonly abbreviated as G.T. Road, built by emperor Sher Shah Suri, also passes through Gujrat. The road still exists today, along with its period stone wall. Historical buildings and ruins can be found in nearby towns throughout the area.

Education

Sir Syed Ahmad Khan named the region "Khita-e-Younan", or "territory resembling ancient Greece", in reference to the high number of educational institutes present in the area. The following universities and colleges are locate 
University of Gujrat Main/Hafiz Hayat Campus,2 K.M off Main Jalalpure Jattan Road,Link University/Hafiz Hayat Road. 
University of Gujrat,Nawaz Sharif Medical College, 2 K.M off Main Jalalpure Jattan Road, Link University/ Hafiz Hayat Road. 
University of Gujrat,Fatima Jinnah College, Fawara Chowk.  
University of Gujrat, College for Boys, School of Law, Modern Languages Learning Centre, G.T Road. 
University of Gujrat Murghzar College For Girls, Bhimber Road, Murghazar  
University of Gujrat, College for Girls, Railways Road. 
Institute of Modern Practical Arts & Communicational Technologies (IMPACT College Gujrat) 
Hashmat Medical and Dental College, Jalalpur Jattan. (recog. PM&DC) 
Govt. Zamindar College, Bhimber Road opposite Aziz Bhatti Hospital 
Punjab College of Commerce, Gujrat 
Govt. College of Commerce, Jalalpure Jattan Road, Bolay. 
Govt. Commerce Institute for Girls,Jalalpure Jattan Road near Green Town. 
Govt. Vocational Training Institute for Girls, Jalalpure Jattan Road near Green Town. 
Sanat Zaar, Jalalpure Jattan Road. 
Govt. Swedish Pakistani collage of Tecnology, Servis More. 
Govt. Technical Training Institute, G.T Road, near Servis Morde. 
Govt Miss froze-o-din girls high school(near walit sah musjid, jinah road) 
Govt. Fan manufacturing Institute, Small Industries Estate. 
Govt. Ceramics Institute, Small Industries Estate. 
Govt. Furniture Institute, Small Industries Estate. 
Govt. College for Teacher's Training, Court Road, Civil Lines. 
Govt.Public High School No.2(Boys) Railway road Gujrat. 
Govt.Muslim Parda School (For Girls) Staff gala Gujrat. 
Govt. Miss Fatima Jinnah High School (for girls)muhallah fattu pura gujrat city, 
University of Munawwar-ul-islam Main Jalalpure Jattan Road Link umi-pk.com . 
Punjab Group of Colleges, G.T road 
The Learners' Heaven School, Green Town Near Old Civil Lines. 
Global City School Dinga Morde. 
Bloomfield Hall School, Jinnah Road. 
Gujrat Homeopathic Medical College. 
Gujrat Group of Colleges, Bhimber Road Murghzar and Model Town. 
Vision Science College, for boys Gujrat. 
Ajmery Group of Colleges 
CMH medical college, Kharian (proposed) 
Jinnah College of Commerce (for Boys) 
Chenab Group of Colleges, Jalalpure Jattan Road and Gharibpura Road. 
ILM College, G.T Road 
Jamia Islamia Le-Binat-Ul-Islam (religious) 
Govt. Comprehensive School, G.T. Road (Govt. Jamia high School) 
Bright Model School (BM Edu. Campus) 
Municipal Model High School for Boys 
Municipal Model High School 
Shaukat Model High School muhallah fattupura gujrat city 
Ghazali Public School Amana Abad
Government Zamindar High School 
Pakistan International Public School (P.I.P.S) Shadman 
Dar-e-Arqam Model High School Gujrat 
Govt. Muslim High School Gujrat 
County Public High School Gujrat 
Roots Foundation High School Gujrat 
Standard Model High Gujrat 
Beaconhouse School System (Pakistan) G.T Road near River Garden Housing 
Jinnah Public School (Near UOG Hafiz Hayat Campus) 
Government Secondary School, Dhuma Malka, Gujrat 
Gujrat Law College
Grammar School Gujrat 
H.B.A. Girls Higher Secondary School Peroshah 
Superior College, G.T Road Gujrat 
The Cathedral School Gujrat 
The Chenab School, Near State life building, Gujrat – www.thechenabschool.com 
The Educator Bara Dari Campus Gujrat 
Quaid Grammer School Sook Klan Gujrat 
The Risers School and College Deona Mandi Gujrat 
Govt high school Kahpranwalla Gujrat 
Govt.High School Dittewal 
Govt Islamia High School Kunjah 
Govt Islamia High School Gujrat 
Captain Amir Shaheed School Gujrat 
Bashir Ahmed Butt Pride of Performance 

Notable people 

Maj. Shabbir Sharif, Nishan-e-Haider
Maj. Major Akram Shaheed, Nishan-e-Haider
Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry, Former President of Pakistan 1972 -1977, Deputy Speaker N.A 1965–1969. 
Chaudhry Shujat Hussain former Prime Minister of Pakistan 
Nawabzada Gazanfar Ali Gul former Federal Minister of Pakistan 
Muhammad Alam Lohar (1928 – 3 July 1979), (Punjabi, Urdu: محمد عالم لوہار), from a rvillage not far from Gujrat. Was one of the most prominent Punjabi folk music singers. 
Chaudhry Ghulam Mustafa Qamar (Late) of Tanda DIG Retd. from Azam Kashmir Police, Ex Member District Council Gujrat for three times, very good and noble person of area. 
Chaudhry Zubair Ahmed Khan of Tanda Ex member District Council Gujrat, proud Son of Late Chaudhry Ghulam Mustafa Qamar of Tanda. 
Mian Muhammad Afzal Hayat former Chief Minister of Punjab and served as ambassador in different countries 
Qamar Zaman Kaira Chaudhery Qamar Zaman Kaira is Former Governor Gilgit-Baltistan, served in various portfolios as Federal minister. 
[[ Ch.Akhtar Ali Karnana [1] ]] is a social person and founder of railway station,Akhtar Karnana. 
Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi former Chief Minister Punjab & Federal Minister. 
Maj Raja Aziz Bhatti Shaheed ( Nishan-e-Haider ) 
Brig Syed Hussain Abbas Shaheed ( Tirrah Valley Operation ) 
Chaudhry Ahmed Mukhtar Minister for Defence, Govt.of Pakistan 
Chaudhry Muhammad Jaffar Iqbal Vice-President of PMLN Punjab 
Mian Imran Masood former MPA of Gujrat and Minister of Education Punjab. 
Haji Nasir Mehmood former MPA of Gujrat. 
Haji Imran Zafar MPA of Gujrat. 
Inayat Hussain Bhatti, Folk Singer, religious scholar, and Punjabi writer 
Sharif Kunjahi, Punjabi poet belonging to Kunjah, recipient of Pride of Performance
Anwar Masood, Pakistani poet. He writes in Punjabi, Urdu and Persian. 
Sabiha Khanum, actress and wife of actor Musa Raza (Santosh Kumar) 
Shaukat Ali, folk and Ghazal singer 
Bashir Ahmed Butt (from Jalalpur Jattan) Pride of Performance 





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