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History of Saiful Muluk

Saiful Muluk is an alpine lake located at the northern end of the Kaghan Valley

34°52′37.34″N 73°41′37.71″E / 34.8770389°N 73.6938083°E / 34.8770389; 73.6938083), near the town of Naran.[1] It is in the north east of Mansehra District in the Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province, Pakistan. At an altitude of 3,224 m (10,578 feet) above sea level it is amongst one of the highest lakes in Pakistan. There is also a similar named fictional story associated with the lake.

The weather here is moderate during day time while the temperature drops to negative temperatures at night.

Location
Saiful Muluk is located in District Mansehra of Hazara Division. It is about eight kilometers North of Naran, in the Northern part of Kaghan valley. Malika Parbat, the highest peak in the valley is located near the lake.


Physical features
Saiful Muluk was formed by glacial moraines that blocked the water of the stream passing through the valley.  Water from multiple glaciers around the lake feed it.

History
A fairy tale called Saiful Muluk, written by the famous Sufi poet Mian Muhammad Bakhsh, is associated with the lake.[5] It is the story of the prince of Persia who fell in love with a fairy princess at the lake. The impact of the lake beauty is of such extent that people believe that fairies come down to lake in full moon. A poet and writer from Balakot Dr Mujahid hussain wrote the story of Saiful Muluk in prose depicting the local version.

Ecology
Large size Brown Trouts are found in the lake weighing about seven kilograms.  About 26 species of vascular plant exist in the area, with Asteraceae the most commonly found specie. Other species commonly found in the region are: Ranunculaceae, Compositae, Ranunculaceae, Cruciferae, Gramineae, Apiaceae, Leguminosae, Scrophulariaceae and Polygonaceae.


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